On 12 Oct America’s government services, businesses, and banks all grind to a halt in order to commemorate Columbus Day. In seminaries over and down the country, little children are tutored that a heroic Italian discoverer discovered America in 1492, and colorful events and processions are held to celebrate the occasion.

It has now come common knowledge amongst academics that Christopher Columbus easily didn’t discover America, not least because is it insolvable to discover a people and a mainland that was formerly there and thriving with culture. One can only wonder how Columbus could have discovered America when people were watching him from America’s props?

Contrary to popular belief, African American history didn’t start with slavery in the New World. An inviting body of new substantiation is arising which proves that Africans had constantly sailed across the Atlantic to the Americas, thousands of times before Columbus and indeed before Christ. The great ancient societies of Egypt and West Africa traveled to the Americas, contributing immensely to early American civilization by importing the art of aggregate structure, political systems and religious practices as well as mathematics, writing and a sophisticated timetable.

The strongest substantiation of African presence in America before Columbus comes from the pen of Columbus himself. In 1920, a famed American annalist and linguist, Leo Weiner of Harvard University, in his book, Africa and the discovery of America, explained how Columbus noted in his journal that Native Americans had verified that “ black bearded people had come from the south-east in boats, trading in gold- sloped pikestaffs.”

One of the first proved cases of Africans sailing and settling in the Americas were black Egyptians led by King Ramses III, during the 19th dynasty in 1292 BC. In fact, in 445 BC, the Greek annalist Herodotus wrote of the Ancient Egyptian dictators’ great seafaring and nautical chops. Farther concrete substantiation, noted byDr. Imhotep and largely ignored by Euro-centric archaeologists, includes “ Egyptian vestiges plant across North America from the Algonquin jottings on the East Coast to the vestiges and Egyptian place names in the Grand Canyon.”

In 1311 Announcement, another major surge of African disquisition to the New World was led by King Abubakari II, the sovereign of the fourteenth century Mali Empire, which was larger than the Holy Roman Empire. The king transferred out 200 vessels of men, and 200 vessels of trade material, crops, creatures, cloth and crucially African knowledge of astronomy, religion and the trades.

African explorers crossing the vast Atlantic waters in primitive boats may feel doubtful, or maybe, far brought to some. Similar inconceivable navigational achievements aren’t as daunting as they feel, given that
. multitudinous successful ultramodern attempts have illustrated that without an oarsman, rudder or passage ancient African boats, including the “ dug-out,” would clearly have been suitable to cross the vast ocean in a matter of weeks.
As time allows us to drift further and further down from the “ European age of disquisition” and we move beyond an age of ethnical intellectual prejudice, chroniclers are beginning to fete that Africans were professed shipmen long before Europeans, contrary to popular belief.

Of course, some Western chroniclers continue to refute this fact because, purposely or unconsciously, they’re still hanging on to the 19th-century notion that seafaring was a European monopoly.
After all, history will tell you that seafaring is the definitive European achievement, the single bid of which Europeans are awfully proud. Seafaring allowed Europe to conquer the world. The notion that black Africans brazened the roaring waters of the Atlantic Ocean and beat Europeans to the New World threatens a historically white sense of power over the swell.

When utmost people suppose about ancient Mexico, the first societies that come to mind are the Incas, Aztecs and the Maya. Still, during the early 1940’s archeologists uncovered a civilization known as the Olmecs of 1200 BC, whichpre-dated any other advanced civilization in the Americas.
The Olmec civilization, which was of African origin and dominated by Africans, was the first significant civilization in Mesoamerica and the Mother Culture of Mexico.

Olmecs are maybe best known for the sculpted colossal heads plant in Central Mexico, that parade an unmistakably African Negroid appearance. Ancient African annalist Professor Van Sertima has illustrated how Olmecs were the first Mesoamerican civilization to use a written language, sophisticated astronomy, trades and mathematics and they erected the first metropolises in Mexico, all of which greatly told the Mayans and posterior societies in the Americas. “ There isn’t the fewest mistrustfulness that each latterly societies in (Mexico and Central America), rest eventually on an Olmec base,” formerly remarked Michael Coe, a leading annalist on Mexico.
Africans easily played an intricate part in the Olmec Empire’s rise and that African influence peaked during the same period that ancient Black Egyptian culture mounted in Africa.

A clear index ofpre-Columbus African trans-Atlantic trip is the recent archeological findings of anesthetics native to America in Ancient Egyptian corpses, which have astounded contemporary chroniclers. German toxicologist, Svetla Balabanova, reported findings of cocaine and nicotine in ancient Egyptian corpses. These substances are known to only be deduced from American shops. South American cocaine from Erythroxylon coca and nicotine from Nicotiana tabacum. Similar composites could only have been introduced to Ancient Egyptian culture through trade with Americans.
Parallels across early American and African persuasions also indicate significantcross-cultural contact. The Mayans, Aztecs and Incas all worshipped black gods and the surviving pictures of the black divinities are revealing. For case, ancient pictures of the Quetzalcoatl, a messiah serpent god, and Ek-ahua, the god of war, are plainly Negro with dark skin and wooly hair. Why would native Americans glorify images so unmistakably African if they had noway seen them ahead? Multitudinous wall oils in grottoes in Juxtlahuaca depict the notorious ancient Egyptian “ opening of the mouth” and cross drink rituals. All these religious parallels are too large and do far too frequently to be bare concurrence.

Professor Everett Borders notes another veritably important suggestion of African presence, which is the nature of early American conglomerations. Aggregate construction is largely technical. Ancient Egypt progressed from the original stepped aggregate of Djosser, to the more sophisticated finished product at Giza. Still, at La Venta in Mexico, the Olmecs made a completely finished aggregate, with no signs of progressive literacy. Olmecian and Egyptian conglomerations were both placed on the same north-south axis and had strikingly analogous construction styles. Tellingly, all of these conglomerations also served the same binary purpose, grave and tabernacle.
Ancient trans-Atlantic parallels in botany, religion and aggregate structure constitute but a bit of the signs of African influence in ancient America. Other pointers include, astronomy, art, writing systems, foliage and fauna.

Historically, the African people have been exceptional explorers and purveyors of culture across the world. Throughout all of these peregrination, African explorers haven’t had a history of starting ruinous wars on the people they met. The topmost trouble towards Africa having a noble future is her people’s ignorance of Africa’s noble history.
Pre-Columbus civilization in the Americas had its foundation erected by Africans and developed by the imagination of Native Americans. Sorely, America, inpost-Columbus times, was innovated on the genocide of the indigenous Americans, erected on the tails of African slaves and continues to run on the exploitation of workers at home and abroad.

Easily, Africans helped citify America well before Europeans “ discovered” America, and well before Europeans claim to have cultivated Africa. The growing body of substantiation is now getting simply too loud to ignore. It’s about time education policy makers reevaluate their academy classes to acclimate for America’s longpre-Columbus history.
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